Sariska National Park is probably one of the most visited parks in India. Unfortunately though, the main reason for this is not wildlife enthusiasm but only it's excellent proximity to some large towns like Delhi and Jaipur. The park was, as with many other parks, the hunting reserve of the royal family in the area. In this case, it was the Royal family of Alwar. The reserve was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1958 and came under the "Project Tiger" as a tiger reserve in 1979.
The park covers quite a large area of 800 square kilometers, 480 square kilometers of which form the core area of the national park. It is located among the Aravalli hill ranges in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. Due to the presence of monuments of religious importance located within the park boundaries, the park authorities are compelled to keep the park open throughout the year. Unfortunately, the only restrictions they are able to impose during this "off-season" period are those on entry into the jungle routes. The main road is kept open all year round. The season during which the jungles can be properly explored is from November to June. The summer months are better for animal viewing but are extremely hot with temperatures going up to as high as 49 degrees centigrade.
Within the Sanctuary, there are also historical ruins of monuments symbolic of its past.The Kankwari Fort, where Emperor Aurangzeb once imprisoned his brother Dara Shikoh, the ancient Shiva Neelkanth Temples that date back to the 6th-13th century A.D. and the Palace built by the Maharajas of Alwar, now converted into a hotel, are all great sights.
Sariska National Park is known for its tigers, its most popular resident, According to the latest available data, there are about 35 tigers at Sariska. Rajasthan is a pristine platform for viewing wildlife in the country because of its two national parks and over a dozen sanctuaries.
Its most popular resident, the tiger along with other wildlife including sambhar, chital, wild boar, hare, nilgai, civet, four-horned antelope, gaur (Indian bison) and porcupine.
The best way to visit the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary is by Jeep and these can be arranged at the Forest Reception Office on the Jaipur Road. Booking an inconspicuous 'hide', overlooking one of the waterholes, can provide an excellent opportunity for wildlife viewing and wildlife photography.
Sariska is open to visitors throughout the year, although certain jungle tracks are closed during the monsoon and the breeding season. The best time to visit the park is late in the winter around January or February. If you don't mind the heat, April to June is a great time to see animals at the waterholes.