Orang National Park

Location

Assam

Total Area

78.81 sq. kms

Visiting Season

All year round

Orang National Park

Area

78.81 sq kms

Established

Declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in 1985. National Park declaration in 1999

Location

65 km. from Tezpur, Assam

It has 78.81sq km of dedicated core zone

Description

The area comprises the alluvial flood plains of the Brahmaputra. Two distinct alluvial terraces, the lower portion of mere recent origin along the Brahmaputra and older upper portion to its north, are separated by a high bank cutting through the national park from east to west. The national park on the whole is a flat land. "

The altitude ranges from is 45m to 70 m. The southern and eastern boundaries of the park comprise channels, and islands of the Brahmaputra.The western boundary is an artificial boundary demarcated by a trench from villages.

Visiting Season

November to May

How to reach Orang National Park

Air

Tezpur is the nearest airport to Orang. However Guwahati has better connections with almost all the major cities to India.

Rail

The nearest railhead is Rongapara Both Tezpur and Guwahati are connected very well by the rail network of India.

Road

Orang can be approached from NH 52 through gravel roads running from Orang town and Dhansirimukh. It is about 65km from Tezpur, 127 km from Guwahati. The sanctuary is 15 km off the national highway near Orang town (Dhansirimukh). The distance between Guwahati and Dhansirimukh is 127 km.

Temperature

Months - October to March - Mornings - 5-15 º C & Evenings - 20-25 º C

Months -April - Mornings - 12-25 º C & Evenings - 20-25 º C

Months - May to June - Mornings - 20-28 º C & Evenings - 30-32 º C

Park Safari Timings in Orang

Visitors can enter the area only in the mornings or afternoon preferably on elephant back.

Accommodation and facilities

Orang offers two resthouses and one dormitory facility for visitors.

Wildlife

Flora

The floral wealth of the park is very significant. The Natural Forest species are like Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sisoo, Sterculia villosa, Trewia nudiflora, Zizypphus jujuba, Litsaea polyantha, etc. Among the non aquatic grassland species the prominent are Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrical, Saccarum spp. etc. The aquatic grass/plants species are Andropogon spp., Ipomea reptans, Enhydra flushians, Nymphia spp., Wichornia spp. etc

Mammals

Apart from the greater Indian one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), which is the dominant species of the national park, the other key species sharing the habitat, are the Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris), Asiatic elephant (Elephas maxima), hog deer (Axis percinus), wild boar (Sus scrofa). Besides, there are other small mammals like civets, leopards, hare, and porcupines. There are more than 50 species of fish. Among reptiles, turtles like Lissemys punctata, Kachuga tecta, and among snakes pythons and cobras are known to frequent these areas.

Birds
Orang National Park is rich in avifauna. According to Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), after Manas National Park, it is Orang which is the most important habitat of the Bengal florican in Assam. The estimated population is about 30-40. BN Talukdar, and P Sarma have prepared a checklist of other species of birds in the national park. Important avifauna are Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis), Spot-billed Pelican (Pelicanus philippensis), Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus), Greater Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos dubius), Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), Wooly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus), Rudy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), Gadwall (Anas strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Pintail (Anas acuta), Pallas's Fishing Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) and a number of others including forest and grassland birds.

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